Disagreements Over Poland At Yalta

The Big Three also agreed that democracies should be established, that all European countries and former satellites liberated from the Axis powers should hold free elections and that order be restored. [18] In this regard, they promised to rebuild countries occupied by processes that would enable them to “create democratic institutions of their choice. It is a principle of the Atlantic Charter, the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live. [18] The resulting report stated that the three occupied countries would assist the occupied countries in forming a transitional government to “facilitate the rapid implementation of governments that respond to the will of the people” and “facilitate the holding of such elections” and “facilitate, where appropriate, the organization of such elections.” [18] According to Ilja Prizel, “the study of his historical sense of the “damaged self” in general has fuelled resentment towards the West, including strengthening the concept of Western betrayal. [6] Grigori Yavski argues that the damage done to the central European national psyche left by Western “betrayal” in Yalta and Munich remained a “psychological event” or a “psychiatric subject” during the debates on NATO enlargement. [7] France and Great Britain did not launch a full ground attack on Germany in the following weeks, and Poland was defeated on 6 October by the Germans and the Soviets, the last Polish units surrendering that day after the Battle of Kock. [32] President Roosevelt said, “If we try to escape the fact that we have put a little more emphasis on Lublin`s Poland than on the other two groups from which the new government is to be drawn, we will expose ourselves to accusations that we will try to reverse the Decision of Crimea.” Roosevelt acknowledged that, in the words of Admiral William D. Leahy, the Yalta language was so vague that the Soviets would be able to “stretch it from Yalta to Washington without ever breaking it technically.” [20] The Yalta Conference, also known as the Crimean Conference and Mitdemkodem Argonaut, took place from 4 to 11 February 1945 and was the meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union during World War II to discuss the reorganization of Germany and Europe after the war. The three states were represented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Prime Minister Joseph Stalin.

The conference took place near Yalta in Crimea, Soviet Union, in the Livadia, Yusupov and Vorontsov palaces. One of the most controversial topics of the Potsdam conference was the revision of the German-Soviet-Polish borders and the expulsion of millions of Germans from the disputed territories. In exchange for the territory it lost after the rebalancing of the Soviet-Polish border to the Soviet Union, Poland received much of German territory and began deporting German residents from the territories concerned, as well as other nations that held large German minorities. The Negotiators in Potsdam were well aware of the situation and, although the British and Americans feared that a mass exodus of Germans to Western areas of occupation would destabilize them, they merely stated that “all transfers that take place should be done in an orderly and humane manner” and asked the Poles, Czechs and Hungary to temporarily suspend the additional deportations. Charles Chip Bohlen of the US State Department, who played the role of Russian interpreter of the FDR, felt that each of the “big three” had achieved its main objectives in Yalta, but acknowledged that there was “a sense of frustration and some bitterness towards Poland”. For U.S. and British professional diplomats such as Bohlen, the Yalta agreements seemed superficial “realistic compromises between the different positions of each country.” Stalin had made a real concession by finally accepting a French area in Germany, while Churchill and Roosevelt had talked a lot about Poland.

Leave a reply